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Territorial Integrity of Manipur
(A Strategy for Peace)

"What we gain here and there by conflict .... and by thereats will not survive long. It will only leave a trail of bad blood"

Jawaharlal Nehru

The Government of India - NSCN (IM) agreement (14 June, 2001) for extension of the Cease-fire without territorial limits for 1 year w.e.f. 1 August, 2001 triggered the massive upsurge of social unrest, protest and violence of 18 June, 2001 resulting in unprecedented loss of 14 young lives and public property in Manipur. Inspite of the Manipuri people's anguish and fortnight long sufferings in the aftermath of that fateful day, the Government of India has, until today, not shown even a goodwill gesture to restore confidence of the people, let alone resolution of the conflict caused by the Cease-fire extension done under the NSCN (IM) threats.

Land and People :

Manipur is an ancient land lying on India's North-East Frontier between Assam and Burma. (Nagaland was carved out of Assam by an enactment - State of Nagaland Act, 1962). Historically, successive legal and administrative decisions taken between 1826 and 1972 affirmed and reaffirmed the distinct territory and identity of Manipur. Till the signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo (1826) the Kabo Valley, bounded on the east by the Ningthee river (now in Myanmar) was a part of the principality of Manipur. It was the decision of the British Government that Ningthee should be the boundary between Ava i.e. Burma and Manipur. But expediency prevailed and ubsequently they changed mind and consented to the cessation of Kabo Valley to Burma in order to appease the King of Burma. By an agreement dated 9 January 1834, Kabo Valley was ceded to Burma and Manipur was granted 500 Sicca rupees monthly as compensation for the loss of the territory. Manipur has since been maintaining its distinct territory as sanctified, administratively and legally, by the Manipur merger Agreement of 1949 and the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971 read with Article 1 of the Constitution of India. Thus history will bear testimony to the sanctity of the territory of Manipur which was a principality and subsequently merged with the Union of India in 1949.

The territory of Manipur, with a total geographical area of 22,327, is divided into 9 districts. About one-third of Manipur's 18,37,149 population (1991 census) lives in the hill districts comprising more than 85$ of its territory as the districtwise details are given below.





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