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Page 3

Territorial Integrity of Manipur
(A Strategy for Peace)

District Area (in Total population (in lakhs) P.C. of STs Population to total population (1991 Census)
Senpati 3,271 2.08 84.07
Tamenglong 4,391 0.86 96.59
Churachandpur 4,570 1.76 93.49
Chandel 3,313 0.71 85.52
Thoubal 514 2.94 0.97
Bishnupur 496 1.81 5.30
Ukhrul 4,544 1.09 93.23
Imphal West
Imphal East
For both IW and IE
ALL MANIPUR 22,327 18.37 34.41


Egalitarian Society :

Manipur is characteristically heterogeneous and at the ame time homogeneous. 29 (twentynine) tribes speaking 19 dialects, Meiteis, Muslims and others live together in an egalitarian society. The evils of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth are not present in Manipur. Inter-caste/community marriage is a common practice. The lingua franca is Manipur, which is spoken by one and all in the State. Home to the Manipuris, this ancient State was not built on communal lines. It is not divided into districts or sub-divisions or villages on communal lines either.

Equity in Polity :

There is pristine democratic practice of equity in the Manipur polity which has strengthened the egalitarian character of Manipuri Civil Society. Notwithstanding the fact that the Muslims and the Nagas constitute, approximately, only 6.5% and 15.5% of the State's total population, Alimuddin, a Muslim leader, was made the Chief Minister of Manipur twice, Yangmaso Shaiza, a Tangkhul Naga leader, twice and Rishang Keishing, another Tangkhul Naga leader, 4 times for over a span of 15 years since it attained statehood in 1972. There are 2 Lok Sabha seats of which one is reserved for the hill peoples. In a House of 60 in the Manipur Legislative Assembly, 9 MLAs are from Nagas, 11 MLAs from the Kukis and Zomis and the rest from the Valley.

As provided under Article 244 (1) of the Constitution of India, a Hill Areas Committee comprising 20 representative of the Scheduled Tribes in Manipur Legislative Assembly, has been established. The Committee advises the State Government on such matters pertaining to the welfare and advancement of the Scheduled Tribes in the State. To protect the interests of the Scheduled Tribes, the State Government, in consultation with the Hill Areas Committee, makes regulations prohibiting/restricting transfer of tribal land in a Scheduled Area. There are 6 autonomous District councils which have certain delegated powers and functions with respect to the administration of the tribal areas.





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